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Sufism is popular in such African countries as Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Senegal, where it is seen as a mystical expression of Islam. Sufism is traditional in Morocco, but has seen a growing revival with the renewal of Sufism under contemporary spiritual teachers such as Hamza al Qadiri al Boutchichi.
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In other words, branches of Sufism in the Ottoman and Mughal empires tended toward Hanafi schools of thought, while Sufis of Island Southeast Asia held Shafi’i views and Sufis of Spain and North Africa tended to be Maliki.
Senegal is one country which is majority Sufi. In fact they have an interesting and inspiring form of Islam. Abado Bamba is one of their mythical and inspiring leaders. A Martin Luther King of the region.
In Turkey, most Muslims are Sufi either by identification with the normative Sunnism subsidized by the state, which exalted Sufis and places the works of Rumi in all Turkish mosques, or by participation in Sufi orders as well as widespread, part-time study circles and other voluntary communities that teach an esoteric Islam.
However, defying these predictions, Sufism and Sufi orders have continued to play a major role in the Muslim world, also expanding into Muslim-minority countries. Its ability to articulate an inclusive Islamic identity with greater emphasis on personal and small-group piety has made Sufism especially well-suited for contexts characterized by ...
Sufism is popular in countries like Morocco and Senegal whereas it is traditional in Morocco. Sufism is popular in Senegal because it can accommodate the local cultures which lean towards the mystical.
The modern Sufi order is composed, among others, of the Ba’Alawiyya, Chishti, Khalwati, Naqshbandi and Sarwari Qadiri. Sufism is popular in countries like Morocco and Senegal while it is traditional in Morocco. Sufism is popular in Senegal because it can accommodate local cultures oriented towards the mystical.
This explains why the Muslim Rumi has Christian, Zoroastrian and other disciples; why the great Sufi 'invisible teacher' Khidr is said to be a Jew; why the Mogul Prince Dara Shikoh identified Sufi teachings in the Hindu Vedas, yet himself remained a member of the Qadiri Order; how Pythagoras and Solomon can be said to be Sufi teachers.
Sufi brotherhoods gained prominence during French occupation as the population sought religious authority in place of colonial administration. The major Sufi orders are the Mourides, Tijaniyyah, Pan-Islamic Qadiriyyah, and Layene. 95% of Senegal’s Muslims are participants of a Sufi brotherhood and the brotherhoods establish mosques although people are free to go to their preferred mosque.
As the power of Al-Shabab has waned, however, Sufi ceremonies are said to have "re-emerged". Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a Sufi militants, backed by Ethiopia and the federal government, control parts of central Somalia and some cities in the southern regions of Gedo and Bakool. Mali
Sufism is a Muslim movement whose followers seek to find divine truth and love through direct encounters with God. Sufism arose from within Islam in the 8th-9th centuries C.E. as an ascetic movement.