Video answer: How is sufism related to islam?
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Sufism may be best described as Islamic mysticism or asceticism, which through belief and practice helps Muslims attain nearness to Allah by way of direct personal experience of God.
Video answer: What is sufism?
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Ebn Khaldun, the historian, simply says that at first, in Islam spirituality — that is mysticism — was too general to be given a special, name but. “when worldliness spread and the majority of people sunk below the mystical level then Islamic mysticism had to be given a special name.” The word ‘Sufi’ means ‘wearer of wool’.
Based on various definitions of mysticism, namely mysticism as an experience of union or nothingness, mysticism as any kind of an altered state of consciousness which is attributed in a religious way, mysticism as "enlightenment" or insight, and mysticism as a way of transformation, "mysticism" can be found in many cultures and religious traditions, both in folk religion and organized religion.
Sufism: Islamic Mysticism . Abstract . In lieu of an abstract, below is the essay's first paragraph. "Sufism is the esoteric aspect of Islam. The aim of Sufis is to gain direct knowledge of the eternal, in this life, as opposed to the exoteric, or traditionalist, aspect of Islam which focuses on achieving a state of
It is variously defined as "Islamic mysticism", "the mystical expression of Islamic faith", "the inward dimension of Islam", or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam".   Sufism began very early in Islamic history  and represents "the main manifestation and the most important and central crystallization of" mystical practice in Islam.
One of the most misunderstood aspects of Islam today is the role Islamic mysticism plays within the broader tradition. Commonly this aspect of Islam is referred to with the term ‘Sufism’.
Instrumental in allowing Sufism to become part of the mainstream in allowing Sufism to become part of the mainstream Islamic tradition The divine union and the annihilation of the self
Sufism, or Taṣawwuf (الْتَّصَوُّف), variously defined as "Islamic mysticism", "the inward dimension of Islam" or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam", is mysticism in Islam, "characterized... [by particular] values, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions" which began very early in Islamic history and represents "the main manifestation and the most important and central crystallization of" mystical practice in Islam.
What is the Islamic Mysticism of Sufism? The term “Sufism” comes from the word suf referring to the wool worn by early Muslim ascetics. Sufism first emerged during the early Umayyad Dynasty (661-749 CE) predominantly in small circles of practitioners and devotees.
Islamic mysticism is called taṣawwuf (literally, “to dress in wool”) in Arabic, but it has been called Sufism in Western languages since the early 19th century.